Horbay’s Orientational Plan of Greater Lwow

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Description
Map ID: 015
Original Title: Horbaya Plan Orjentacyjny Wielkiego Lwowa
Localization: Lviv
Year: 1931
Scale: 1:15 000
Map Size: 57х49 cm
Publisher: Nowa Reklama. Lviv
Source: Courtesy of Ihor Kotlobulatov
Copyright: Ihor Kotlobulatov. Lviv
Digital map of Lviv from 1931 prepared by Vasyl Horbay shows the city with suburb areas of Kleparow, Zamarstynow, Holosko male, Zniesenie, Krzywczyce, Kozelniki. Sygniowka, Lewandowka
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Map Description

The plan of "Greater Lwów" shows the territory of the city, along with the suburban territories of Kleparów, Zamarstynów, Małe Hołosko, Zniesienie, Krzywczyce (partially), Kozielniki, Sygnówka, and Białohorszcza (Lewandówka, partially), which were incorporated into the city on April 1, 1931 [46], p. 72.

The plan was published together with a guidebook in 1931. The guidebook provides an alphabetical list of street and square names, trolley routes, important civic buildings etc. [55].

The graphic execution of the plan was undertaken by Vasyl Horbay - an engineer and board member of the Lviv-based "Dobra knyzhka" Publishing Institution", Ltd. [33], p. 208.

Publication was funded by the "Nowa Reklama" ("New Advertisement") Newspaper and Advertisement Bureau in Lviv. The map was printed at Adolf Hegedüs Artistic-Graphical Establishment (Zakład artystyczno graficzny A. Hegedüs). This printing house operated at 12, Rynok Square in 1897-1916, and moved to Sw. Michała (now Yuriya Drohobycha) St. in 1916 [27], p. 37.

Map characterization:

  • The plan was drawn using color lithographic techniques.
  • The plan only details the configuration of chief buildings and landmarks.
  • Buildings’ numbers are not provided.
  • District names and numbers are shown directly on the plan.
  • District boundaries are not marked.
  • City limits are not marked.
  • The plan shows projected new streets.
  • The plan details trolley routes, and bus routes B and C.
  • The territory of the International Eastern Fair is shown.
  • All object names provided in Polish.

Inconsistencies and inaccuracies on the map:

  • The plan presents the city as divided only into six districts. Suburban territories were incorporated into the city in 1931, as District Seven (Sygnówka, Lewandówka), District Eight (Kleparów, Małe Hołosko, Zamarstynów), District Nine (Zniesienie, Krzywczyce); or added to existing suburbs (Kulparków was added to District Six, Nowy Świat, and Kozielniki was added to District One) [47], c. 46-47.

Entry by: Serhiy Tereshchenko
Translated by: Pavlo Hrytsak

City Description

April 1, 1931 saw the incorporation of several suburban territories into the city of Lviv. This doubled city area to 6,664 hectares, and created the so-called "Greater Lwow". The concept of city territory development was based on the labors of the regulatory committee of the city construction administration, and ideas by Ignacy Drexler and Tadeusz Tołwinski [49], p. 167, 171.

The need for large investment of capital into the urban development of new territories coincided with an economic downturn, noticeable in all Polish citions. The newly incorporated suburbs lacked pave roads, lighting, aqueducts and sewage systems [46], p. 72.

The most significant recent new construction in the city included the new trolley depot in Gródecka St. [50], p. 59, the Capucin Fathers Church of St. Francis of Assizi in Zamarstynów [54], p. 233, and the radio station in the grounds of the Eastern Market [51], p. 10. All three were constructed in 1930.

The present maps outlines the territory with the exhibition pavilions of the International Eastern Market, which took place every September and October, beginning from 1921. The exhibition area of the Market (which comprised 220 thousand square meters) included its own railway tracks with a cargo station and storehouses, as well as a post office with a telegraph and telephone, its own power plant, gas and water pipes [48], p. 152. From 1930 onwards, transport connection during the Eastern Market was provided by trolley No. 11, and the special "T" (from Targi, meaning Market) route. This reached the Eastern Market proceding from the Opera Theater through Galicki Sq. Bus connections were provided by two circle routes, "B", and "C" [50], p. 59, 61

As of late 1931, transport links within the city were provided by:

  • Five bus routes: "A" (Dojazd St. to Station-Sknyliv), "B" and "C" (Mickiewicza Sq. – Persenkówka), "D" (Zamarstynów turnpike – Holosko – Briukhovychi), "E" (from St. Anne’s Church to Kleparów) [50], p. 61
  • Eleven trolley routes: "1" (Central Train Station – Łyczaków Turnpike), "3" (Janów Turnpike – Łyczaków Cemetary), "4" (29 Listopada St. – High Castle), "5" (Central Train Station – Gabryelówka), "6" (Central Train Station – Łyczaków), "7" (Central Train Station – Łyczaków), "8" (Gródecka Turnpike – Łyczaków Station), "9" (Gabryelówka – Kiliński Park), "10" (Zamarstynów turnpike – Dwiernickiego St.), "11" (Central Train Station - Kiliński Park) [50], p. 59-60; [55], p. 21-23

Car races took place in the triangle formed by Pełczyńska St, Sw. Zofii Sq, Stryiska St. and Kadecka St. over the period between 1930 and 1933. The city allocated funds for road repair and reconstruction, as well as a prize fund to hold this competition. After the success of the first car race in Lviv (visited by circa 25 thousand people), the following races became international competitions [52], p. 75, 80, 83, 113.

As of 1931, city population comprised 312,213 people (142,263 men and 169,968 women). By religion, the population was divided into Roman Catholics (approx. 50 per cent or 157,490 persons), Jews (31.9 per cent, 99,595 persons), Greek Catholics (Uniates; 15 per cent or 49 747 persons) and Evangelicals (1.2 per cent, or 3,630 persons) [53], p. 51-52. City population grew by more than 60,000 people, compared with 1930 figures, due to the incorporation of suburban territories into the city [47], p. 112.

According to its professional makeup, the population was divided into: public or domestic servants (21,015), people involved in trade (17,222), in construction industry (3,220), workers (7,784), railway employees (5,431), pensioneers and invalids (24,056), unemployed (12,681), and others [53], p. 54-55.

In 1931 the city had 13,744 residential buildings with 165,947 apartments (of these, 10,893 buildings were stone structures). In terms of the number of stories, the city had 2,597 two-storied, 2,809 three-storied, 799 four-storied, and 105 buildings of five stories or higher [53], p. 53-54.

Entry by: Serhiy Tereshchenko
Translated by: Pavlo Hrytsak

Legend
  • The plan’s name, "Horbay’s Orientational Plan of Greater Lviv" (Horbaya Plan Orjentacyjny Wielkiego Lwowa), is provided at the top of the mapsheet.
  • The lower right corner contains information about the place of printing, and the commissioner of publication: "Funded by the "Nowa Reklama" company, Lwów, 26 Batorego St. Offset print by: A. Hegedüs’ Graphical Establishment" (Nakładem fy: "Nowa Reklama" Lwów Batorego 26. Druk offsetowy: ZAKŁ. GRAF. A. HEGEDÜS) .
  • The measuring line is located in the bottom part of the plan, along with the scale (1:15,000) and the list of conventional symbols.
  • "Halicz Suburb, 1st District" (I. Halickie).
  • "Krakow Suburb, 2nd District" (II. Krakowskie).
  • "Zołkiew Suburb, 3rd District" (III. Źółkiewskie).
  • "Lyczakow Suburb, 4th District" (IV. Łyczakowskie).
  • "Inner city, 5th District" (V. Sródmieście).
  • "Nowy Swiat, 6th District" (VI. Nowy Świat).

Map toponymics:

The plan's toponymics includes 762 objects:

  • Depot: (3).
  • Streets, squares, roads: (598).
  • Hydronyms: (2).
  • Horonyms: (46).
  • Cultural establishments: (2).
  • Care establishments: (1).
  • Cemeteries: (7).
  • Medical institutions: (4).
  • Parks: (5).
  • Sacred buildings: (40).
  • Military buildings: (8).
  • Maintenance buildings: (13).
  • Educational buildings: (2).
  • Stadiums: (11).
  • Stations: (5).
  • Miscellanea: (14).
  • Hills: (5).
  • Factories: (2).

Symbols:

landmarks and notable buildings; landmarks and notable buildings;
important buildings; important buildings;
churches; churches;
synagogues; synagogues;
monuments; monuments;
buildings; buildings;
construction sites; construction sites;
streets; streets;
projected streets; projected streets;
railway stations; railway stations;
railways; railways;
tram depots; tram depots;
tram routes; tram routes;
bus routes; bus routes;
river, ponds; river, ponds;
cemeteries; cemeteries;
parks, forests, gardens; parks, forests, gardens;
 

Entry by: Serhiy Tereshchenko 
Translated by: Pavlo Hrytsak

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