Warsaw and Lodz: Traces of the Presence and Absence of Jews

Warsaw and Lodz: Traces of the Presence and Absence of Jews

facebook icon twitter icon email icon telegram icon link icon whatsapp icon

Piotr Piluk

photographer, publicist and documentary film maker

July 20, 2012

Center for Urban History, Lviv

Warsaw and Lodz are completely different cities, although they are located not far from each other and have much in common. But their differences appear clearly when we compare their Jewish cultural heritage. Warsaw is the capital of Poland, an important cultural center for Poles, and also—historically--for Jews. World War II brought enormous destruction to the city, including the majority of objects connected with the life of the Jewish community. The year 1943, when uprising broke out in the Warsaw Ghetto, left a particular trace in the history of the city and its Jewish community. Warsaw remembered its Jews throughout its communist period--unlike Lodz. Lodz did not suffer as much loss as a result of wartime hostilities, but its demography significantly changed, and because of this the city lost its sense of self. Moreover, its short "bourgeois-industrial" past was never presented, since it contradicted the principles of the communist order. The city regained its memory only after 1989. However, the architecture in Lodz, in contrast to that in Warsaw, impresses with its richness of shapes – stone buildings, palaces, factories, – which reflects the modernity at the fin-de-siècle that the Jews co-created. And one more important detail: Lodz, perhaps, is the least Polish city – and until recently it was hardly ever mentioned in history books. Why? Above all because Lodz was built by Germans, Jews, and to a lesser extent, Russians. Poles, despite the fact that they constituted the largest national group, did not have enough economic strength and intellectual influence, since more often than not they were workers. Piluk invited his audience on a stroll through both cities that is, in essence, an observation of two worlds.

After the presentation participants received promotional copies of the monthly journal The Jewish Word (Słowo Żydowskie / Dos Jidisze Wort), published in Warsaw. The journal is celebrating its 20th anniversary this year.

Piotr Piluk

independent photographer, publicist and documentary film maker. For many years he has been working on the project, "Traces of Presence" (Ślady Obecności). This project presents relics of Jewish heritage in the urban spaces of East Central Europe. Piluk has exhibited his photographs in Poland, Germany, Great Britain, Bulgaria, Sweden, the USA and Ukraine. Active in the Warsaw division of the Socio-Cultural Union of Jews in Poland (Towarzystwo Społeczno-Kulturalne Żydów w Polsce), Piluk works in the editorial board of the monthly The Jewish Word (Słowo Żydowskie / Dos Jidisze Wort) in Warsaw. Has collaborated many times with the Center for Urban History in Lviv. He was a grant recipient at the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research in New York City and the Goethe Institute in Berlin.

The lecture was open to the public and takes place in conjunction with the Third Summer School in Jewish History and Culture of East Central Europe of the 19th and 20th Centuries.

Credits

Сover Image: Memorial of the Heroes of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising at the POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews in Warsaw, Poland