Western part of Rynok square. Morning.



ID number:
03931
Title:
Western part of Rynok square. Morning.
City:
Description:
Image description is temporarily available only in: Ukrainian
Subject:
Square, market, trading, people
Creator:
Adam Lenkiewicz
Publisher:
Unpublished resources
Date:
1938-1939
Format:
15х10 cm
Copyright:
Maryna Kursanova
Collection:
Category:
Technique:

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This townhouse is one of the notable monuments of Renaissance residential architecture in Lviv. It is mostly known as the Gepnerivska townhouse. Its foundations were laid as early as the 14th century. In the last third of the 16th century the house was reconstructed and has survived almost unaltered until now. The building is an architectural monument of national significance under protection number 326/26. Today it is used as a residential one; the ground floor and the cellars are owned by Bohdan Dubnevych (a restaurant is to be opened there).

According to historian Yuri Biriuliov, among the "best work of Hartman Witwer (1774-1825) are ... the four stone statues made out of limestone and located at the wells on Market Square – they embodied the allegory of earth (the sculptures of Diana and Adonis) and water (the sculptures of Neptune and Amphitrite). The Market Square figures were created some time between 1810 and 1814, and are mentioned in original sources first in 1815, when the city council passed a resolution forbidding damage to the sculptures during the celebration of the traditional Ukrainian "Jordan" holiday ([the celebration of the Baptism of Jesus, and] the sanctification of water)." On the western side of the square are fountains with the figures of Neptune (the southwestern corner) and Amphitrite (the northwestern corner). On the eastern side are fountains with the figures of Adonis (northeast) and Diana (southeast side).