On September 26, 2018, Oleh Pavlyshyn delivered a lecture "Between the Frontlines: Prisoners of War and the Interned during the Ukrainian-Polish War in East Galicia, 1918–1919".
The Ukrainian-Polish war in East Galicia in 1918–1919, in addition to the battle line, had another front—the home front. The belligerent parties applied repressive measures to civilians—they interned activists of the enemy. However, this is a little-known page of history that reveals an important humanitarian aspect of the conflict. Due to the initiative of the Metropolitan Andrey Sheptytskyi and the archbishop Jósef Bilczewski, representatives of the governments met in Lviv on 1 February 1919 and concluded an Agreement on Treating Prisoners-of-war and the Interned Persons. The agreement, the only positive result of Polish-Ukrainian negotiations, made possible the implementation of measures under the auspices of the International Red Cross. The parties initiated the process of releasing the interned and the exchange of the most famous figures. The humanitarian activities of Ukrainian and Polish commissions and the facilitation of their work by the military command of the belligerent parties testified to the civilized nature of the conflict in the context of complying with the 1907 Hague Convention.
This lecture is a part of the public program "City on the Line: Lviv in November 1918." It invites the general public to discuss the centenary of the end of the Great War and the establishment of the Western Ukrainian People’s Republic in the broader context of the fall of empires, revolutions, the making of new national states, and social and cultural transformations.
Oleh Pavlyshyn, historian, Associate Professor at Department of Modern History of Ukraine of Lviv University and research fellow at the Institute of History Research. The research focus includes the history of Galicia, the Ukrainian Revolution (1914-1923), history of Ukrainian Greek-Catholic Church. , he is an award-winning authorn, known for his works on the Western Ukrainian People's Republic.