This map of Lviv is a part of the Map of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria (Karte des Koenigreiches Galizien und Lodomerien) was created in 1779-1782 for the military as part of the Joseph Topographical Survey of Galicia (Josephinische Landesaufnahme).
The topographical survey of Eastern Galicia was begun under the leadership of Field Marshal General Zeeher and continued under Oberleutnant Friedrich von Mieg and then under Major Waldau.
In 1783 the Quartermaster of the Austrian General Staff (des österreichischen Generalquartiermeisterstabes) prepared 413 sections of the map, but the cartographic materials remained secret and were not published for general use. , p. 7-8, , p. 222, 249, , p. 16
Unique graphic characteristics of this map include a detailed relief of the area, rivers, streams, ponds, fortifications around the city center, the High Castle (Vysokyj Zamok) and Low Castle (Nyzkyj Zamok) complexes and fragments of the Friedrich Getkant defensive walls from the middle of the 17th century in the Brody suburb. , p. 223
- On the left hand side of the map are the three names by which the city was known: “Lemberg, Leopol, Lwow” (Lemberg Leopol Lwow).
- On the map, the following surrounding villages are identified: Holosko Weliky, Holosko Malÿ, Kleparow, Zamarstinow, Zboiska, Malechow, Laski, Sroki, Ostrow, Prussy, Kamionopol, Teremczyszko B., Podborce, Czerowitza B., Miklaszow, Winiki, Lesienice, Pasieka, Debza, Kozielnikÿ, Wulka, Kulparkow, Zabatschowa B.
Characterization of the map:
- Colored lithography was used to create the map.
- The map contains schematic configurations of individual buildings and fortifications.
- Suburb boundaries are not demarcated.
- The map identified elements of hydrography, the terrain and landscape (orchards, forests, etc.).
- The map is in German.
Toponymics on the map include nearly 100 objects; most are identified using special symbols.
- Hydronyms (1)
- Horonyms (28)
- Cemeteries (1)
- Miscellanea (11)
- Agricultural buildings (58)
Characterization of the city:
The map shows the city, suburbs and outlying villages and rural areas of Lviv.
The schematic depiction shows Lviv before the beginning of a series of urban changes which began in the capital of the Austrian province of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria (Königreich Galizien und Lodomerien) at the end of the 19th century.
Among the important changes in the city, which can be seen on the map, is the start of demolition of the defensive walls and the Galicia-Krakow gate, which, starting in 1777, were under the management of Klemens Fessinger. , p. 64
The Monarchy’s new attitude towards religion had a significant influence on changes in the urban environment. This was evidenced by the secularization and closing of most religious buildings and churches in 1773 and 1783-85. Former monasteries were converted to hospitals, barracks, prisons, educational establishments and other facilities as required by the community. , p. 52-53
In 1781, after accepting the tolerant attitude of Protestants, Orthodox and Greek-Catholic faithful were allowed to celebrate liturgies. The Protestant community in the city received permission to use the St. Ursula Roman Catholic Church on Zelena Street. , p. 40, , p. 64
In 1783 the Latin Seminary was established in Lviv (in the building of the former Calced Carmelite Monastery) and a Greek-Catholic seminary was opened in the former church and monastery of the Dominican order of St. Catherine of Siena. Among the city’s most notable educational establishments were: the Normal School (established 1775), the Collegium Nobilium (established 1776) and two trivial schools, one at the Roman Catholic St. Nicholas’ Church (established 1782) and the other at the Roman Catholic St. Ann’s Church (established 1783). , p. 28, 57, 59-60
At this time a postal service was started in Lviv, rules were also implemented to govern the construction of new buildings and for keeping pet dogs.
The intensification of trade and economic transactions in Galicia led to the appearance of factories. Factories opened in and around the city: in Vynnyky, a tobacco factory (1779) and in Znesinnja a factory producing high quality Bachevskyj liqueurs (1782). , p. 64
As of 1780, there were roughly
25,000 individuals living in Lviv. , p. 113. The increase in the number of inhabitants was
partially a result of more bureaucrats, who came to work in the capital city of
Lviv. , p. 35
An approximate number of buildings in Lviv can be gleaned from the writings of the educated traveler Baltasar Hacquet. In 1790 in Lviv there were nearly 2759 structures. , p. 30The construction boom was aided by a ten year tax break implemented in 1774 for new and reconstructed buildings. , p. 30
Entry by: Serhiy Tereshchenko