Plan of the Royal and Capital City of Lwow

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Description
Map ID: 090
Original Title: Plan król. stoł. miasta Lwowa
Localization: Lviv
Year: c. 1895
Scale: 1:7 200
Map Size: 82х70 cm
Publisher: Municipal Council. Lviv
Source: Courtesy of Ihor Kotlobulatov
Copyright: Ihor Kotlobulatov. Lviv
Plan of the Royal and Capital City of Lviv prepared by J. Chowaniec shows General Regional Exhibition, network of sewerage system and schemes of the horse tram and electric tram
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Map Description

This map of Lviv was an appendix to the publication “City of Lviv during Self-rule 1870-1895” (Miasto Lwów w okresie samorządu) published in 1896.

The drawing was based on the Royal Capital City of Lviv 1890 map with some changes and additions. The author was Adjunct Engineer at the Building Office of the Lviv Magistrate Jozef Chowaniec (Józef Chowaniec).

The City Council paid the cost of printing the map at the Antoni Przyszlak lithographers. This lithographic establishment operated in Lviv from 1883 through 1921; the final year of its operation it was run by Antoni’s daughter. In 1921 she sold the business to Knyzhnytsya Polska which later merged with the printers Hraphia and took on the new name Knyzhnytsya-Atlas [32], p. 15. It was located on Vynnychenka Street 12 [33], c. 217.

A unique feature of this map is that it shows where the city’s sewer lines lie.

Map Characterization:

  • The map is printed using color lithography.
  • The map contains detailed configuration of buildings.
  • The map does not contain building numbers.
  • City districts are colored on the map: Orange - District I Halich (Halickie), Olive Green - District II Krakow (Krakowskie), Yellow - District III Żółkiew (Żółkiewskie), Light Green - District IV Łyczkow (Łyczkowskie).
  • Parks, forests and green spaces in the city are designated on the map with a dark green color.
  • The map shows the routes of horse drawn and electric trams and stops along these routes.
  • All object names are written in Polish.

City Description

The map of the Royal Capital City shows Lviv at the end of the 19th century.

Among the new buildings that appear on the map are: the Directorate of the Post and Telegraph (1890), Leopold Salvatore Artillery Arsenal (1890), the Galician Saving`s Bank (1889-1891), Summer theatre building on the Hetman Valy (1891), an infectious disease building for patients of the Military Hospital (1891), the  Palace of Justice (1891), a homeless shelter for men run by Brother Adalbert (1891), a maternity hospital (1891-1892), an epidemiological barrack (1892), a facility for the terminally ill named after the Bilinskyy’s (1893), buildings which housed the medical department at the University (1893-1895), a technology building on Issakovycha Street (1895). [31], p. 319, 337, 343-344

Intensive development in the city led to the appearance of new streets.  According to the City Council’s resolution of 1895 there were 26 new streets laid. At that time there were a total of 227 streets and 27 squares in the city. [31], p. 316

In District I, near Novyi Svit, they started a residential construction project called Kastelivka with new streets, villas and stone buildings. The development of this site was initiated by Yulian Zakharyevych and Ivan Levynskyy and it influenced the modification of the western outskirts of the city. [31], p. 349

In 1893, after unsuccessful negotiations to expand the horse drawn tram routes, the City Council authorized Siemens & Halske to establish electric trams in Lviv. In 1894 two electric tram routes were inaugurated. The first route started from the train station and went through the city center to Lychakivska Street. The second route went from the city center to the St. Sophia School. During the Regional Exhibition of Trams, the second route continued from the St. Sophia School to the main entrance of the Exhibition. The company invested nearly 660,000 zloty to set up the electric tram lines. [31], p. 151-152

In 1894, the General Regional Exhibition took place on the upper terraces of Stryiskyi Park. The Exhibition had a large number of exhibits housed in over 129 special buildings or pavilions. They exhibited things associated with rural agricultural economy, industrial activity or small business. Special attention was paid to highlighting the arts, education and ethnography.

The executive committee of the Exhibition sold the fair buildings to the city for a total of 120,000 zloty. [31], p. 337

In 1895 there were 134 908 individuals living in Lviv, including 8 591 military personnel. The increase in inhabitants was due to immigration and natural growth, which in 1890-1900 accounted for about 40% of the city’s total population growth. [20], p. 64-65

In 1890 there were 3,322 residential buildings with 22,532 living quarters. Starting in 1890 single storied buildings started being replaced by multi-storied stone structures.  [20], p. 62

Legend
  • In the upper right corner is the name: “Map of the Royal Capital City Lviv” (Plan król. stoł. miasta Lwowa).
  • In the lower right corner is the graphic and fractional depiction (Miara 1:7 200) of the map’s scale.
  • Beneath the scale it notes that this map is a revised version of a map published in 1890 by the City Council which had been compiled by J. Chowaniec (Uzup. M.K. Plan wydany przez radę mieską r. 1890. rys. przez J. Chowańca).
  • In the lower right corner the publisher is noted: A. Przyszlak Lithographer’s. Lviv (Lit. A. Przyszlak. Lwów).
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