View on the monument to the Soviet Constitution



ID number:
00848
Title:
View on the monument to the Soviet Constitution
City:
Description:

The monument to the Soviet constitution, or the Stalin Constitution, was built in October 1939. The authors were the sculptor Serhyi Lytvynenko and Kyiv artist Mykhailo Dmytrenko, it’s possible that, the artists adapted the project, originally conceived in Moscow, to the new city conditions. The sculptors Yevhen Dzyndra and Andryi Koverko carried out the project, but the participation of Lytvynenko’s student the young sculptor Yakov Chaika is also a possibility. The monument was made in the ceramic-sculpture factory, which opened on Muchni st in 1939. The location for the monument was chosen in the city centre, the “island” on the boundary mark of the Hetman embankments, between Yahellon’ska st. and Holy Spirit square (now Hnatiuka st. and I. Pidkova sq.) The current monument, made of cement on a wooden skeleton, presented a huge vertical composition in the image of a column, fitted with red flags. In the lower part there were figures of a Red Army man, worker, mother with child, students and an old Hutsul with a boy. The cement figures and signs in Ukrainian, Polish and Yiddish symbolized the brotherhood of nations in accordance with the articles of the Stalin constitution. On June 30th 1941, German armies took over the city. Was it but not on this very day that the cement monument was broken and its pieces poured into holes and hollows which had been caused by the German bombardment of Lviv.

Subject:
1st of May street, monument to the Soviet Constitution, tram track, passersby
Creator:
Unknown
Publisher:
Unknown
Date:
1940
Format:
Unknown
Copyright:
Central State Kinofotofono Archive after G.S. Pshenychny
Collection:
Category:
Technique:

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The monument to the Stalin Constitution was constructed in 1940 on the “island”  at the intersection of today's Svobody Boulevard, Hnatiuka Street, and Sviatoho Dukha Square. The monument was made of plywood and covered in concrete. The friendship of the peoples was symbolized by figures that stood in the lower part of the composition, which consisted of five columns. These were cement figures of a Red Army soldier, a worker, a mother with child, a female student, an a villager with a boy. The monument also bore inscriptions in Ukrainian, Polish and Hebrew.