The pedestal of the monument to Lenin



ID number:
02939
Title:
The pedestal of the monument to Lenin
City:
Description:
Construction of the Lenin monument was intended to begin as early as 1940 - this is attested by a marble plate with a corresponding inscription. In the years of the German occupation of the city, this stella was destroyed, and a cubic memorial with a chalice, an eternal flame, and an inscription marking the Adolph-Hitler-Ring (as the present-day Svobody Blvd. was then known). In 1945, after the conclusion of the war, the Council of People's Commisars of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic and the Central Committee of the Communist Party (Bolshevik) of Ukraine adopted a resolution to erect a monument to the Leader of the World Proletariat, V. I. Lenin. The laying of the first stone of the monument took place on April 22, 1945 in the square in front of the Opera and Ballet Theater. Several possible sites for the monument had been considered - Bernardynska (now Soborna) Sq., and the summit of the Castle Hill. Because the process of agreeing on a contractor was drawn out, and the funding for the erection of the monument was scarce, the monument was finally unveiled on January 20, 1952, instead of the original intended unveiling date of 1948.
Subject:
Stone, square, Svoboda avenue (1 Travnia street), Opera house, people
Creator:
Volodymyr Melnyk
Publisher:
Unknown
Date:
1945-1951
Format:
Unknown
Copyright:
Ihor Melnyk
Collection:
Category:
Technique:

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The Lviv State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater was built in 1897-1900 under a project designed by architect Zygmunt Gorgolewski. The building is erected in historicist style and influenced by the so-called Vienna Neo-Renaissance. The monumental theater building has occupied a key position in the architectural ensemble of the city’s main avenue created in the late 19th – early 20th century.

The monument to V. I. Lenin was erected in front of the entrance to the Opera House at the intersection of Hetmanski Waly and the park-garden located in the center of First of May Street (the central street of the city, from 1855 on called Karla Ludwika Street, in 1919 renamed Legionow Street, from 1959 on known as Lenina Boulevard, and in 1991 renamed Svobody Boulevard). The monument was the work of Moscow sculptor Serhii Merkurov (1881-1952), and architects V. Sharapenko and S. Frantsuz. The square in front of the Opera House was organized according to the project by architects Ivan Persykov and M. Yurchuk. A public meeting devoted to the unveiling of the monument to Lenin in Lviv was held on January 20, 1952.