Eaglets Cemetery



ID number:
01849
Title:
Eaglets Cemetery
City:
Description:

The photograph depicts the Lwów Eaglets Memorial Complex at the Lychakiv Cemetery. The Lwów Eaglets (Orląta Lwowskie) is the name the Polish historiography uses to refer to Poles, who lost their lives in the tragic events of the Polish-Ukrainian war of 1918-1919. The earliest burials on the site date back to November 24, 1919. The cornerstone of the chapel was laid in 1922, the chapel itself was completed and consecrated in 1925. The project for the memorial was developed by Rudolph Indruch, Assistant Professor at the Polytechnical Institute. The central alley rose through three semicircular burial “terraces” to the middle plateau with regular rows of graves. 2,859 soldiers, including three American pilots, and seventeen French infantrymen are buried at the Eaglets Cemetery. The Glory Monument consisted of a triumphal arc with two figures of lions and twelve doric columns set in a semicircle, closed by low monumental stellas. Construction works at the memorial lasted until 1939 and were never completed. In the years of Soviet government, the memorial was almost completely destroyed, with the graves run into the ground and covered with soil, and architectural elements demolished. Restoration of the complex began in 1989, and it was finally ceremoniously opened after reconstruction in 2005.
Oleh Vvedenskyi

Subject:
Cemetery, monument, chapel
Creator:
Unknown
Publisher:
Unpublished resources
Date:
1950-1960
Format:
14,7х22 сm
Copyright:
Oleh Vvedenskyi
Collection:
Category:
Technique:

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The Polish military memorial or the Cemetery of the defenders of Lviv, also called the Cemetery of Eaglets (Cmentarz Orląt), is located on a plot below Lychakivsky cemetery. The Poles who fought against the Western Ukrainian People’s Republic in 1918 and against the Bolsheviks in 1920, those fallen in the German-Polish war of 1939 and participants of the Resistance Movement (1922-1944) were buried there. In 1971 the cemetery was destroyed by the Soviet authorities; a part of its territory was occupied by Banakha street which was built in the same year. In 1989-2005 the memorial was partially reconstructed.