Urban Image Database
The oldest Lviv secular monument to Hetman Stanislaw Jablonowski, the defender of Lviv against the Tatars (1695), was constructed approximately 1752-1754. According to Y. Biryulyov the sculptor was probably Sebastian Fesinger. The statue of the Hetman originally stood in the courtyard of the old JesuitCollege, his mortal remains having been buried in the Jesuit church. During the restoration of the church the monument disappeared but was accidentally rediscovered by a journalist (Hippolyt Stupnitsky) in the middle of the 19th century in the backyard of house № 13 in Karl Ludwig Street. At the public expense the monument was restored by the sculptors Paul Eitel and Leopold Schimser and in 1859 it was erected in the city boulevard / street. Since then these places were called "Hetmanski Valy" (Hetman Ramparts) and "Hetmanska" Street. In the background there is a house which used to stand in "Tekhnitska" Street (nowadays "Nyzky Zamok" Street). Today there is a small market here known as "Vernissage".
The Opening of the Monument of A. Mickiewicz
The photograph shows the moment of the opening of the monument to poet Adam Mickiewicz, which took place on October 30, 1904. The day of the opening became a holiday in Lviv: flags were hung out, facades and balconies were decorated, in the cathedral a High Mass was celebrated on this occasion. Poet’s son Wladyslaw Mickiewicz came to Lviv to take part in the celebration, and a famous Lviv composer Stanislaw Niewiadomski wrote a cantata on this occasion. It was performed on the ceremony of the opening by a choir of more than 150 people.
The picture shows a view of the Triumphal Arch which was erected on Horodotska Street (former Grudecka str.) at the beginning of the Railway Alley following the project of architect Karol Boublik. The bust of Franz Joseph I is seen in the center of the Arch, above it there is the coat of arms of the city of Lviv. The temporary Arch was constructed in honor of Emperor Franz Joseph I during his visit to Lviv. He came to the city on the occasion of the General Provincial Exhibition which took place in “Stryjskyi” Park on October 5-10, 1894. In the background there is an old railway station while on the left side one can see the building of Chernivetsky railway.
A reasonably commonplace urban view with a picture of the City Theater was new in the early twentieth century. Since 1900 this view became a necessary element of all publications presenting our city, such as postcards, albums and travel guides. The issue of constructing a new, modern theater building arose around 1892, when Skarbek's lease timed out. This meant that from now on the old-fashioned thatre builiding was the charge of the city authorities. After many discussions, a competition was announced for the best project of a new building for the theater. A competent panel of judges selected the winner, architect Zygmunt Gorgolewski, winner of 2nd prize in the competition of projects for the Berlin Reichstag. Finally the foundation-laying began in 1896. For this purpose the river-bed of the Poltva was diverted. Construction was undertaken by the company of Ivan Levynskyi, electrical equipment was installed by Siemens. The completion of the new theater building in Lviv opened a new era in the history of performing arts in the city. The City Theater (also known in various times as the Opera Theater, the Grand Theater, the Ivan Franko Opera and Ballet Theater, and now finally as the Solomiya Krushelnytska State Academic Theater for Opera and Ballet) had its festive opening ceremony on October 4, 1900. Tadeusz Pawlikowski, the first director of the new theater, presented a speech. Pawlikowski was invited from Cracow and offered to form and head a theatrical group. He held the post for six years, during which time 43 operas, 46 operettas and hundreds of drama performances were staged. The first show to play at the new premises was the opera Janek by W. Żełeński with Oleksandr Myshuha and Janina Korolewicz performing the main parts. The opera was directed by Ludwik Solski.
View of the city from south-eastern direction
View of Lviv from the recently created (1816) boulevard, known as Gubernatorski Valy (from Striletska Square). From the left to the right: the Korniakt Tower (the belfry of the Uspenska Church), the Dominican Church, the Latin Cathedral belfry, the tower of the old Town Hall (as before 1826), the Dominican Church in Shyroka Street (now Kopernika Street), Greek Catholic St. Yuryi (St. George) Cathedral (in the background). On the right, the facade of the Trinitarians’ Church with two towers (built in 1729). After 1784 Lviv's university was situated here, and after the fire caused by shelling in 1848 and further reconstruction, Preobrazhenska Church is now located here (since 1906). Such lithographs were the predecessors of modern postcards and continued the European tradition of urban landscapes, started in Italy in the 16th century. In the forefront, a new Lviv leisure habit of the time – walking through the park near the city center, first signs of a new age of broad avenues and public space.