Urban Image Database
Former Akademicki Square
Postcard depicting the inofficial Aleksandr Fredro Square (today Shevchenko Boulevard). In 1871-1944 the place was called the Plac Akademicki, or Academicki Square. In the foreground part of the small park can be seen with an element of the monument to Count Fredro (1897, by sculptor L. Marconi). At the far left the building No. 28 in then Akademicka Street can be seen (constructed in 1897 by Jakub Bałaban). Beginning in 1912 the building housed the Corso Cinema. Left to right are: building No. 25 in Akademicka St., constructed in 1911 by Jan Schulz; view of Fredro St.; building No. 27 on the intersection of the former Fredro and Łozyński streets (constructed 1908-1909 by Zbigniew Brochwicz-Levynskyi), home to the famous Szkocka (Scottish) Coffeehouse in 1909-1939; view of Łozyński St, which was constructed in 1913 in place of the park, surrounding the Fredro Palazzo.
This photograph shows a view of "Halytsky" (Galician) Square from the side of the building of the District Court (Batoriya Street 1-3, nowadays a building of the Lviv Polytechnical University in Kniazia Romana Street. In the foreground there is a well with a fountain adorned by a sculpture “Svitezianka” (sculptor Tadeusz Blotnitcki) which stood here until 1950. In the background we can see one of the oldest houses on the square (beginning of the 19th. century) - № 2-3 on Halytsky square / corner Halytska Street. Also visible is the tower of the Latin Cathedral. In the center of the picture there are the houses № 7 and 9 inValova Street. № 7/ corner Halytska St., 21 was built in 1908-1910 by order of the owner Theodor Bałłaban after the project of the architects Alfred Zachariewicz and Józef Sosnowski. After World War I the municipal savings bank was located here and from 1931 this house belonged to the bank. Architect Wawrzyniec Dayczak reconstructed the interior and adapted it for the needs of the financial institution. House № 9 was also built according to the project of Alfred Zachariewicz and Józef Sosnowski. Sculpture decorations of both houses belong to the authorship of Zygmunt Kurczyński. In the interwar period the "Lvivskyi" bank was located in this building.
The picture shows a view of the Triumphal Arch which was erected on Horodotska Street (former Grudecka str.) at the beginning of the Railway Alley following the project of architect Karol Boublik. The bust of Franz Joseph I is seen in the center of the Arch, above it there is the coat of arms of the city of Lviv. The temporary Arch was constructed in honor of Emperor Franz Joseph I during his visit to Lviv. He came to the city on the occasion of the General Provincial Exhibition which took place in “Stryjskyi” Park on October 5-10, 1894. In the background there is an old railway station while on the left side one can see the building of Chernivetsky railway.
The postcard depicts what is today known as Halych Square with a view of the former Roman Catholic Bernardine Church (now a Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church of St. Andrew the First-Called). To the left is building No. 7, which in 1902-1934 housed the Central Coffeehouse. To the right is a small park by the building of the criminal court. In the centre of the park a fountain was located with a statue of a water nymph, constructed in 1890 by T. Błotnicki. Today a other fountain and a small café stand in their place.
A reasonably commonplace urban view with a picture of the City Theater was new in the early twentieth century. Since 1900 this view became a necessary element of all publications presenting our city, such as postcards, albums and travel guides. The issue of constructing a new, modern theater building arose around 1892, when Skarbek's lease timed out. This meant that from now on the old-fashioned thatre builiding was the charge of the city authorities. After many discussions, a competition was announced for the best project of a new building for the theater. A competent panel of judges selected the winner, architect Zygmunt Gorgolewski, winner of 2nd prize in the competition of projects for the Berlin Reichstag. Finally the foundation-laying began in 1896. For this purpose the river-bed of the Poltva was diverted. Construction was undertaken by the company of Ivan Levynskyi, electrical equipment was installed by Siemens. The completion of the new theater building in Lviv opened a new era in the history of performing arts in the city. The City Theater (also known in various times as the Opera Theater, the Grand Theater, the Ivan Franko Opera and Ballet Theater, and now finally as the Solomiya Krushelnytska State Academic Theater for Opera and Ballet) had its festive opening ceremony on October 4, 1900. Tadeusz Pawlikowski, the first director of the new theater, presented a speech. Pawlikowski was invited from Cracow and offered to form and head a theatrical group. He held the post for six years, during which time 43 operas, 46 operettas and hundreds of drama performances were staged. The first show to play at the new premises was the opera Janek by W. Żełeński with Oleksandr Myshuha and Janina Korolewicz performing the main parts. The opera was directed by Ludwik Solski.