Urban Image Database
A reasonably commonplace urban view with a picture of the City Theater was new in the early twentieth century. Since 1900 this view became a necessary element of all publications presenting our city, such as postcards, albums and travel guides. The issue of constructing a new, modern theater building arose around 1892, when Skarbek's lease timed out. This meant that from now on the old-fashioned thatre builiding was the charge of the city authorities. After many discussions, a competition was announced for the best project of a new building for the theater. A competent panel of judges selected the winner, architect Zygmunt Gorgolewski, winner of 2nd prize in the competition of projects for the Berlin Reichstag. Finally the foundation-laying began in 1896. For this purpose the river-bed of the Poltva was diverted. Construction was undertaken by the company of Ivan Levynskyi, electrical equipment was installed by Siemens. The completion of the new theater building in Lviv opened a new era in the history of performing arts in the city. The City Theater (also known in various times as the Opera Theater, the Grand Theater, the Ivan Franko Opera and Ballet Theater, and now finally as the Solomiya Krushelnytska State Academic Theater for Opera and Ballet) had its festive opening ceremony on October 4, 1900. Tadeusz Pawlikowski, the first director of the new theater, presented a speech. Pawlikowski was invited from Cracow and offered to form and head a theatrical group. He held the post for six years, during which time 43 operas, 46 operettas and hundreds of drama performances were staged. The first show to play at the new premises was the opera Janek by W. Żełeński with Oleksandr Myshuha and Janina Korolewicz performing the main parts. The opera was directed by Ludwik Solski.
This photograph shows a view of "Halytsky" (Galician) Square from the side of the building of the District Court (Batoriya Street 1-3, nowadays a building of the Lviv Polytechnical University in Kniazia Romana Street. In the foreground there is a well with a fountain adorned by a sculpture “Svitezianka” (sculptor Tadeusz Blotnitcki) which stood here until 1950. In the background we can see one of the oldest houses on the square (beginning of the 19th. century) - № 2-3 on Halytsky square / corner Halytska Street. Also visible is the tower of the Latin Cathedral. In the center of the picture there are the houses № 7 and 9 inValova Street. № 7/ corner Halytska St., 21 was built in 1908-1910 by order of the owner Theodor Bałłaban after the project of the architects Alfred Zachariewicz and Józef Sosnowski. After World War I the municipal savings bank was located here and from 1931 this house belonged to the bank. Architect Wawrzyniec Dayczak reconstructed the interior and adapted it for the needs of the financial institution. House № 9 was also built according to the project of Alfred Zachariewicz and Józef Sosnowski. Sculpture decorations of both houses belong to the authorship of Zygmunt Kurczyński. In the interwar period the "Lvivskyi" bank was located in this building.
St. Nepomuk Monument
A figure of St. Jan Nepomuk used to be situated on a bridge near hotel “De Russie” – “Russian” (1796). In the 1830ies it was moved to the end of Sviatoho Jana street (Shevchenko avenue, crossroads of Fredra, Gertsena and Saksaganskoho streets) and put on the bridge across Poltva, which was then flowing in the middle of the street. In 1890 Poltva was finally hidden under the ground, and the statue of St. Jan was dismantled and moved to St. Mykolaya church; the further fate of this monument is unknown.
On the right a sign with the inscription “Frischgebäck” can be seen – probably bread could be bought in this building.
The oldest Lviv secular monument to Hetman Stanislaw Jablonowski, the defender of Lviv against the Tatars (1695), was constructed approximately 1752-1754. According to Y. Biryulyov the sculptor was probably Sebastian Fesinger. The statue of the Hetman originally stood in the courtyard of the old JesuitCollege, his mortal remains having been buried in the Jesuit church. During the restoration of the church the monument disappeared but was accidentally rediscovered by a journalist (Hippolyt Stupnitsky) in the middle of the 19th century in the backyard of house № 13 in Karl Ludwig Street. At the public expense the monument was restored by the sculptors Paul Eitel and Leopold Schimser and in 1859 it was erected in the city boulevard / street. Since then these places were called "Hetmanski Valy" (Hetman Ramparts) and "Hetmanska" Street. In the background there is a house which used to stand in "Tekhnitska" Street (nowadays "Nyzky Zamok" Street). Today there is a small market here known as "Vernissage".
View of the city from south-eastern direction
View of Lviv from the recently created (1816) boulevard, known as Gubernatorski Valy (from Striletska Square). From the left to the right: the Korniakt Tower (the belfry of the Uspenska Church), the Dominican Church, the Latin Cathedral belfry, the tower of the old Town Hall (as before 1826), the Dominican Church in Shyroka Street (now Kopernika Street), Greek Catholic St. Yuryi (St. George) Cathedral (in the background). On the right, the facade of the Trinitarians’ Church with two towers (built in 1729). After 1784 Lviv's university was situated here, and after the fire caused by shelling in 1848 and further reconstruction, Preobrazhenska Church is now located here (since 1906). Such lithographs were the predecessors of modern postcards and continued the European tradition of urban landscapes, started in Italy in the 16th century. In the forefront, a new Lviv leisure habit of the time – walking through the park near the city center, first signs of a new age of broad avenues and public space.