Jewish city

This theme highlights the sites and personalities in the history of the Jewish community in the city. Jews have made a sizeable proportion of Lemberg’s population throughout centuries, often up to one third of the city inhabitants. While prominent in selected aspects of urban public life, Jews have historically been restricted to reside in districts other than the small historic ghetto in the old town and the Żółkiewske and Krakowskie foretowns and often fell victim of unjustified Gentile anger: the pogroms. Until 1867, when residential restrictions were finally abolished, only selected Jews who were willing to compromise their dress code and culture could leave outside the designated areas. At the fin-de-siècle and the first decades of the twentieth century, many Jewish industrialists were prominent in public life by supporting various projects, educational and charity institutions. The history of the Jewish community came to an abrupt end with the end of the Second World War, and only recently there have been attempts to revive it and to give it more adequate public presence.


Literature:

Garkavy Aleksandr and L. Katzenelson, eds. Evreiskaia entsiklopediia, Svod znanii o evreistvie i ego kulture v proshlom i nastoiashchem. St. Petersburg: Brockhaus-Efron, 1906-1913; The Hague: Mouton, 1969-71), Vol. 10.

Bałaban, Majer. Dzielnica żydowska we Lwowie, Lemberg, 1909

Melamed, Vladimir. Yevrei vo Lvove (XIII - pervaja polovina XX veka): sobytija, obshchestvo, liudi. Ľviv: TEKOP, 1994.

Gabriele Kohlbauer/Fritz, “Zur Geschichte der Juden in Lemberg,” in Hans Bisanz, ed., Lemberg / Ľviv 1772-1918. Wiederbegegnung mit einer Landeshaupstadt der Donaumonarchie. Vienna: Historisches Museum der Stadt Wien, Katalog der 179. Sonderausstellung, 1993.