Zofia Charzewska

Західня Україна під большевиками (Нью Йорк, 1958), с. 217-219
We can only know that it was only for the unexpectedly early started war by Bolsheviks that saved thousands, or even hundreds of thousands of Ukrainian families from deportation and death. It rescued thousands from death. In particular, however, the war was to decide the Ukrainian writers' fates. We only learned about the real threat after the German troops had entered the city. Then it became known that on the first day of the war, 22 June 1941, they convened to the Club all members who could be notified, but primarily the Board of the Union. It was initiated by Wanda Wasilewska and Stepan Tudor. Fortunately, many writers failed to come, for the first German bombs in the morning of June 22 disrupted the life in Lviv, and Ukrainians stayed in the nooks. The present members of the Union Board decided to publish in the magazine "Vilna Ukrayina" (Free Ukraine) an appeal to all writers to immediately sign up to the Red Army. Wanda Wasilewska herself was the first to take the gun on her shoulder and was walking around the city this way. The appeal was signed by all members of the Union, obviously without their notice. Furthermore, the Board produced a list of those writers believed to be "unreliable," and the list was supposed to be passed to the Regional Party Committee so that they could order to arrest them, and deport or kill. The list included all Ukrainian writers who had been of anti-Bolshevik views before 1939. With those lists and the appeal, some participants of the meeting, among them [Stepan] Tudor with his wife, a Polish novelist [Zofia] Charzewska and a writer [Oleksandr] Havrylyuk, set out from the Club to the editorial office of the "Vilna Ukrayina" and to the Regional Committee. But by the game of chance the situation resolved differently. When they moved from vul. Kopernika and took down vul. Sykstuska, German bombers arrived and one bomb hit the building they were passing by. It was a Sunday afternoon. All of them perished under the ruins of the building. After their death, there was no one to organize the writers to fight for the Soviet power, and noone was there to manage their arrests. Wasilewska disappeared from Lviv (she was said to have gone to the front, but in fact, she soon was found in Kyiv, and then in Moscow to call on the Polish proletariat to fight for Stalin). Head of the Lviv Union had fallen ill and left for Ukraine a week before. Apparently, except for Tudor and Wasilewska, there was no one authorized to manage the organization. Many Ukrainian writers of Lviv can be grateful for this chance for their saved lives.