Gustaw Bizanz

Gustaw Bizanz (30.08.1848 – 4.10.1925) was an architect, Professor of the Lviv (then officially Lemberg) Polytechnic Institute. He was born into a German family in the village of Kavchyi Kut near Stryi in Galicia. He studied in Vienna, and later at the Lviv Polytechnic University, from which he graduated in 1873. He started his scientific career during his student years when appointed in 1872 as an assistant of the Faculty of General Building of the Polytechnic. At the same time, when free from studies, he worked under the leadership of Professor Julian Zachariewicz in the construction of the buildings of the PolytechnicUniversity (1872–1875). From 1876 on he headed the newly created Faculty of Building Constructions as a Professor’s Deputy. He taught GeneralBuilding and Basics of Railway Building. In 1878 he obtained the title of extraordinary Professor and in 1883 the title of a regular Professor. He was the Dean of the Building Department in 1883–1885 and later in 1887–1889. When the Building Department changed its name to the Architectural Department, he became its first Dean (1895). He kept this position in 1897–1898 and 1901–1903. In 1890 and in 1898–1899 he was the Rector of the Polytechnic University.

Works of Gustaw Bizanc

Working as an architect, he won awards at several competitions. He was awarded the First Prize of the Warsaw Union of Artists Encouragement for the draft project of a resort hall in Ciechocinek (1875). In 1880 he designed a stone Greek Catholic Church on the property of Countess Starzynska in Zadariv (presently Ternopil district). The church was built in 1886. In 1890 he was awarded the First Prize for his draft to the project of the CityIndustryMuseum in Lviv (then Lemberg). Simultaneously, he took part in a competition for the project of an industry school and won. In 1890–1892 he carried out this project. According to his projects, residential buildings located at today’s Ustyianovycha Street, 10 and 12 as well as a villa for his own usage on 72 Chuprynki Street (1900) in Lviv and a wooden chapel for a resort in Briukhovychi were constructed. An architectonic composition that is well balanced with utilitarian demands of the planning structure is characteristic of Bizanz’s architectural approach. The architectural unity of his buildings is light, natural and harmonious.

Bizanz was also involved in academic work; he was a member of the editorial board of „Czasopismo techniczne.” Among academic works by G. Bizanz, special attention should be paid to the article “Studie über ein Zellengewölbe” (About a Vaulted Ceiling [of the Gallery in Jagelonska Collegium in Cracow]) in „AllgemeineBauzeitung,” Vienna (1888). In 1910 he retired. He died in Lviv and is buried in Lychakiv cemetery.

Sources:

  • Polski Słownik Biograficzny. - Kraków, 1936, s. 108.
  • Wielka encykłopedia powszechna ilustrowana. - T.VII. W., s. 839-840.
  • Zajączkowski W. C.k. szkoła politechniczna we Lwowie. Rys historyczny jej założenia i rozwoju, tudzież stan jej obecny. - Lwów, 1894, s. 142.
  • Popławski Z. Wykaz pracowników naukowych Politechniki Lwowskiej w latach 1844-1945.-Kraków, 1925, s.18.
  • Politechnika Lwowska. 1844-1945. - Wrocław, 1993, s. 173.
  • Projekty na konkurs muzeum przemysłowego we Lwowie. - Czasopismo techniczne.-Lwów, 1890, № 7. - S. 166.
  • Domy mieszkalne przy ul. Lipowej L 10 i 12 prof. Bykowskiego i Bizanza. - Czasopismo techniczne. - Lwów, 1893, № 7. - S. 84.
  • Szkoła przemysłowa we Lwowie.-Czasopismo techniczne. - Lwów, 1893, № 7. - S. 143
Written by Khrystyna Kharchuk