On June 21, 2015 at the Center for Urban History as part of the DonKult program a discussion "The Past in Changing Borders: How to Write History after a Conflict" took place.
The history of the twentieth century is largely focused on the analysis of the causes and consequences of wars and ideological projects. The fight for territory and implementation of social and state visions led to numerous border changes. The history of Ukraine, and especially of Lviv, offers many examples of how changing borders led to forced evictions and often death, and later the need to adapt to new conditions. Each change raised the question of legitimization, incorporating and rewriting the past of a place or city into the new borders and affiliation. In the twentieth century walls were built that demarcated and divided, but zones of free movement were created, as in the case of the European Union. At the same time, the concepts of borders, not only between countries but also within society, in political, cultural, and social spheres, were shaped, revisited and reconsidered.
In our discussions with three
historians of the twentieth
century we talked about the
roles of historians and
the importance of their
work in societies that are
marked by conflict, war,
and changing borders.
What importance has the past,
often used to intensify conflicts, for
overcoming the consequences of these
conflicts? How should
different perspectives and visions can be used to establish a dialogue in post-conflict societies and between countries? What are the examples, opportunities, limitations, and experiences to consider? What does the current situation of the annexation of the Crimea
and military conflict bring to
the understanding of
the changeability of
borders and what are their
implications for the ways we study
and perceive the history of Ukraine,
and the wider Europe and the world?
Participants: Serhiy Yekelchyk (University of Victoria, Canada), Hiroaki Kuromiya (Indiana University, USA), Olena Styazhkina (Donetsk National University, Vinnitsa). Moderator: Sofia Dyak (Center for Urban History).