Events by Day

Lviv Students
31 January 2017

On January, 31, 2017, during the Urban Seminar, Ewa Bukowska-Marczak presented her research results on "Relations Between Polish, Ukrainian and Jewish Students in the Jan Kazimierz University in Lviv in the Twenty Interwar Years."

In 1918-1939, higher educational establishments of Lviv had students of different ethnicities and religions. They included Poles, Ukrainians, Jews, Germans, and Romanians. Sometimes, the representatives of these nationalities (mostly recruited from the nationalist environments) escalated conflicts among themselves.

In 1921 and on, Ukrainian young people started developing a structure for their own higher school while actively boycotting the Jan Kazimierz University. They also boycotted those who enrolled into the Polish university. When in 1925 the Ukrainian Underground University was liquidated, young people who used to study therein started enrolling to the Polish university. The earlier boycotted students and the newly enrolled ones sometimes conflicted with each other. Polish and Ukrainian young people would clash increasingly often, too. Conflicts were even more escalated in the light of repressions Polish authorities applied because of celebration of the successive anniversary of the 1918-1919 fights for Lviv, as well as due to debates on Transcarpathia case. Conflicts were also taking place among Polish and Jewish young people, while instigated by corporate milieus or the groups connected with the nationalist All-Polish youth, and Academic reading room popular among students. In the 1930s, the nationalistic camp was trying to convince the authorities of the Jan Kazimierz University to eliminate Jewish students, and kept escalating propaganda in the numerus nullus case (discrimination of young Jewish people). It might be assumed that attitudes of professors in the academia played an important role to shape relations among students. Some professors had a liking for Ukrainian and Jewish students, while others were passive in their attitudes. Some treated non-Polish young people in an unfriendly manner and supported demands of the nationalist oriented students such as in the numerus clausus (limitations for the number of University students).

Why did Ukrainian young people more favourably talk about the Lviv University of the Austrian times rather than about the Jan Kazimierz University? Why did Poles not allow the development of a Ukrainian higher educational establishment in Lviv? Why did some violent clashes take place in the Jan Kazimierz University to beat students of Jewish origin? Why had the perpetrators not been punished? These are the questions, among others, raised in the research.

Ewa Bukowska-Marczak is a doctoral student at the Department of History and Historiography of East Europe at the Jan Paul II Catholic University in Lublin. She is doing Lviv studies. Her scholarly interests include the topics on urban society in the interwar period. In September-October 2016, she took a monthly scholarship at the Center. In Lviv, she worked on the topic of "Relations Between Polish, Ukrainian, and Jewish Students in the Higher Schools of Lviv in the Interwar Period."

The seminar is held in a workshop formatResearchers are invited to discuss research projects and studies underway at different stages, as well as completed research projects to be published.

The seminar is not open to the general public. Historians, sociologists, cultural anthropologists, and other humanities students are invited to share their research and experience, as well as take part in discussions of the projects presented at the seminar.